The Practice of School-Based Management in Ondo State Public Secondary Schools: Implication of School Location
The practice of School-Based Management (SBM) has been widely liked to variety of wide positives in schools and increasingly acceptable in major developed and developing nations, however, the disposition and acceptance of the SMB policy remained unclear in Ondo State, Nigeria. In Nigeria, there is paucity of literature addressing the role of school location in the practice of SBM policy. This study, therefore examined the practicality of SBM in public secondary schools in Ondo State and the implication of school location. Descriptive survey design was adopted by the study. Key players from sixty (60) public secondary schools in Ondo State participated in the current study using purposive sampling techniques. In determine the efficiencies and effectiveness of School-Based Management Committees, participant were opened to Effective School-Based Management Index (E-SBM-INDEX). The instrument reported a strong overall Cronbach alpha of 0.97, while the subscales factors entails, power decentralization (α =.92); facilities obligation (α =.73); monitoring and evaluation (α =.65); recruitment and retrenchment (α =.85); and financial obligation (α =.71). Information on socio-demographic factors and geographical location of schools were also obtained from the participants. Descriptive analysis and T-Test of independent sample were used to analyze data and accepted at P < 0.05. Respondents’ mean age was 49.5±11.5 years. It was revealed that 35% of the public schools engaged practice effective SBM in Ondo State, while 65% of public schools engaged were practicing ineffective SBM. Furthermore, It was revealed that there was significant difference in the practice of SBM in rural and urban public secondary schools in Ondo State (T (58) = 26.60; P < 0.01), such that, public secondary schools located in the rural area ( = 75.20, SD = 1.80) practice effective SBM’s policy than counterparts located in the urban area ( = 34.97, SD = 02.67). Majorly the practice of SBM in public secondary school remained ineffective in Ondo State. The practice of SBM in rural and urban public secondary schools in Ondo State is significantly different. Public secondary schools located in the rural area of Ondo State practice effectively SBM’s policy than public secondary schools located in the urban area of Ondo State. It is recommended that the government should be pro-active in creating an enabling environment in terms of policy upon which SBM can be practice effectively and efficiently.
Ai Shoraku (2009). Strategic Change Management on Education: The future is ours to build. India: Pune press publisher.
Alimi, O.S. (2012), Community based school management: A Seminar paper on Effective management of secondary schools in Ondo State. Ikare Amure Printing Press.
Ayeni, A. J. (2010). Teachers’ instructional task performance and principals’ supervisory roles as correlates of quality assurance in secondary schools in Ondo State. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation)Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Caldwell, B.J. (2005A). School Based Management Paris: International Academy of Education and International Institute for Educational Planning.
Chaudhury, F & Parajuli, N. (2010). Educational Development; The future of school effectiveness and improvement in school,9(2), pp 125-134.
Gray, J. (2004). School effectiveness and the ‘other outcomes’ of secondary schooling: A Reassessment of curriculum delivery. Improving schools, 7(2), 185-198.
Lewis, B. (2006). Home influence on school learning: Direct and indirect effect of parental involvement on high school grades. Journal of educational research, 80(5), 330-336.
Mc’Querry, A. (2012). Managing the education system: a review of the schools’ general Operational system in Britain. Journal of Educational Leadership Style. 4(2) 19-25.
Reimers and Cardenas (2007). Educational restoration: Leading the self-managing school. London: Falmer Press.
Shatkin, H. & Gershberg (2007). Developing a relationship between the school and the community. School Improvement and accountability 8(2), 13-22.
Sullaiman.A. (2009).Education sector support programme: Memorandum on need to hold on and strengthen the education system in Nigeria. Ibadan Sabork Publisher.
Sun, H. (2007); Petty, N.W & Green. T. (2007), School Effectiveness and Learners Outcome 16(3),249-279.
Ibukun.W.O. (2013).The Role of School Based Management Committees in the administration of secondary schools in Nigeria. A Journal of Global Education Services, 2(1).
Ibukun.W. O. (2008). Principles of educational management. Akure: Pub:Stebak Books.
Copyright (c) 2019 Olaseni Vivian Morenike
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.