Personality Traits and Financial Strain as Determinants of Gambling Behaviour among Youth in Nigeria: A Case Study of Youths in Oyo State and Ekiti State

  • Bankole Emmanuel Temitope Department of Psychology & Behavioural Studies, Faculty of the Social Sciences, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
  • Adebunmi Oyekola Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan,Ibadan,Nigeria
  • Bankole Abimbola Mary Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan,Ibadan,Nigeria
Keywords: Gambling, Behaviour, Personality characteristics, Financial Strain.


This study aims to assess personality characteristics and financial strain as a determinant of gambling behaviour among youth in Nigeria. Three instruments were used in the study which include Gambling behaviour scale developed by Jeffery (2010) used in measuring prevalence and pattern of gambling behaviour, Big five personality scale developed by Goldberg (1993) used in assessing personality domain of an individual and Financial strain scale developed by Aldana & Liljenquist (1998) used in measuring the rate of financial strain experienced by people. Three hundred and twenty participants (320) were used in this study but two hundred and ninety seven participants (297) responses were retrieved for analysis. Hypotheses were tested using regression analysis and independent t-test and the result were discussed according to literatures. It was concluded from the study that personality characteristics and financial strain predicts gambling behaviour and also there is sex differences in gambling behaviour. As a result of this, it was however recommended that youths are to be trained on how to improve their behavioural attitudes and should be well guided so as to avoid gambling because it has serious effects on their psychological health and overall well-being.


Abdi, T. A., Ruiter, R. A., and Adal, T. A. (2015). Personal, social and environmental risk factors of problematic gambling among high school adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Journal of gambling studies, 31(1), 59-72.
Adams, G. R., Sullivan, A. M., Horton, K. D., Menna, R., and Guilmette, A. M. (2007). A study of differences in Canadian university students' gambling and proximity to a casino. Journal of Gambling Issues, (19), 9-17.
Adewuya, A. O., Ola, B. A., Aloba, O. O., Mapayi, B. M., and Oginni, O. O. (2006). Depression amongst Nigerian university students. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology,41(8), 674-678.
Afifi, T. O., Cox, B. J., Martens, P. J., Sareen, J., and Enns, M. W. (2010). Demographic and social variables associated with problem gambling among men and women in Canada. Psychiatry research, 178(2), 395-400.
Agbakwuru, C. (2000). Teacher Personality traits and Characteristics and learning Effectiveness of Pupils. Psychological Perspective vol. 2 (22)-28
Ahaibwe, G., Lakuma, C. P., Katunze, M., and Mawejje, J. (2016). Socio Economic Effects of Gambling: Evidence from Kampala City, Uganda. Economic Policy Research Centre, 126.
Aldana, S. G., and Liljenquist, W. (1998). Validity and reliability of a financial strain survey. Journal of Financial Counseling and Planning, 9(2), 11
Binde, P. (2005). Gambling across cultures: Mapping worldwide occurrence and learning from ethnographic comparison.International Gambling Studies, 5(1), 1-27.
Blaszczynski, A., and Nower, L. (2002). A pathways model of problem and pathological gambling. Addiction, 97, 487-499.
Clarke D, Tse S, Abbott MW, Townsend S, Kingi P and Manaia W. (2007). Reasons for starting and continuing gambling in a mixed ethnic community sample of pathological and non-problem gamblers. International Gambling Studies, 7(3):299-313.
Cooper, M.L., Kuntsche, E., Levitt, A., Barber, L.L., and Wolf, S. (2015). Motivational models of substance use: A review of theory and research on motives for using alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco. In K. J. Sher (Ed.), Oxford handbook of 26 substance use disorders. New York: Oxford University Press.
Delfabbro, P., and LeCouteur, A. (2008). Australasian Gambling Review. Adelaide:Report Prepared for the Independent Gambling Authority of South Australia
D’Acremont, M., and Van der Linden, M. (2006). Gender differences in two decision-making tasks in a community sample of adolescents. International Journal of Behavioural Development, 30(4), 352-358.
Dickerson, M., and O'Connor, J. (2006). Gambling as an addictive behaviour: Impaired control, harm minimisation, treatment and prevention. New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.
Eboh, V. C., and Babatunde, O. (2015). Prevalence and determinants of gambling behaviours among undergraduate students (A case study of Federal University Oye Ekiti (Doctoral dissertation, Federal University Oye Ekiti).
Enwereuzor, I. K., Ugwu, L. I., and Ugwu, D. I. (2016). Role of smartphone addiction in gambling passion and schoolwork engagement: a Dualistic Model of Passion approach. Asian journal of gambling issues and public health, 6(1), 9.
Falconier, M. K., and Epstein, N. B. (2011). Couples experiencing financial strain: What we know and what we can do. Family relations, 60(3), 303-317.
Griffiths, M., Wood, R.T.A., and Parke, J. (2006). A psychosocial investigation of student online poker players. Presentation at the 13th International Conference on Gambling. Lake Tahoe, Nevada. May 22-26, 2006.
Grant, J. E., and Kim, S. W. (2004). Gender differences. In J. E. Grant and M. N. Potenza (Eds.), Gender differences in pathological gambling: A clinical guide to treatment (pp. 97–109). Washington, DC,USA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Heater, J., and Patton, D. (2006). Gender differences in problem gambling behaviour from help-line callers. Journal of Gambling Issues, (16).
Langa, M. (2010). Contested multiple voices of young masculinities amongst adolescent boys in Alexandra Township, South Africa. Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 22(1), 1-13.
Monaghan, S. M., and Derevensky, J. (2008). An appraisal of the impact of the depiction of gambling in society on youth. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 6(4), 537-550.
Moodie, C., and Finnigan, F. (2006). Prevalence and correlates of youth gambling in Scotland. Addiction Research and Theory, 14(4), 365-385.
Shinaprayoon, T., Carter, N. T., and Goodie, A. S. (2017). The Modified Gambling Motivation Scale: Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Links With Problem Gambling. Journal of Gambling Issues, (37).
Ssewanyana and Bitawire (2018) Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Kilifi, Keny Utrecht Centre for Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
Sztainert, T., Wohl, M. A., Mc Manus, J. F., and Stead, J. H. (2014). On being attracted to the possibility of a win: Reward sensitivity (via gambling motives) undermines treatment seeking among pathological gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 30, 901-911.
How to Cite
Temitope, B. E., Oyekola, A., & Mary, B. A. (2019). Personality Traits and Financial Strain as Determinants of Gambling Behaviour among Youth in Nigeria: A Case Study of Youths in Oyo State and Ekiti State. American International Journal of Social Science Research, 4(1), 1-8.
Original Articles/Review Articles/Case Reports/Short Communications