The Global Lakou World-System

  • Paul C. Mocombe The Mocombeian Foundation, Inc., West Virginia State University, USA
Keywords: Haitian Epistemology, Haitian Idealism, Vilokan Idealism, Vodou Ethic and The Spirit of Communism, Religiosity, Black Diaspora, Dialectical; Anti-Dialectical, Phenomenological Structuralism, Lakouism, The Protestant Ethic and The Spirit of Capitalism.


This work highlights the Haitian sociopolitical economic organization, Lakous, as a form of libertarian communism that must be vertically integrated at the nation-state level so that people can experience total freedom from capitalist relations of production.  I conclude the work by extrapolating the lakou system to the world-system level in order to offer it as an alternative to the Protestant capitalist world-system, which threatens all life on earth.



Althusser, L. (2001). Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. 1971. Trans. Ben Brewster. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Althusser, L., & Balibar, E. (1970). Reading Capital, trans. Ben Brewster, London: NLB.

Asante, M. K., Brandon, G., Hall, R. L., Gaston, J. R., Maultsby, P. K., Philip, J. E., ... & Williams, S. W. (2005). Africanisms in American culture. Indiana University Press.

Balibar, E., Wallerstein, I. M., & Wallerstein, S. R. I. (1991). Race, nation, class: Ambiguous identities. Verso.

Buck-Morss, S. (2009). Hegel, Haiti, and universal history. University of Pittsburgh Press.

Cohen, J. (2002). Protestantism and Capitalism: The Mechanisms of Influence. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Crothers, C. (2003). Technical advances in general sociological theory: The potential contribution of post-structurationist sociology. Perspectives, 26(3), 3-6.

Dahrendorf, R. (1959). Class and class conflict in industrial society (Vol. 15). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Douglas, M. (1986). How Institutions Think. New York: Syracuse University Press.

Dubois, L. (2005). Avengers of the new world. Harvard University Press.

Fraser, N. (1997). Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the “Postsocialist” Condition. New York & London: Routledge.

Holloway, J. E. (ed.) (1990a). Africanisms in American Culture. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Holloway, J. E. (1990b). The Origins of African-American Culture. In Joseph

Horkheimer, M., & Adorno, T. W. (2000 [1944]. Dialectic of Enlightenment (John Cumming, Trans.). New York: Continuum.

Hudson, K., & Coukos, A. (2005). The dark side of the Protestant ethic: A comparative analysis of welfare reform. Sociological Theory, 23(1), 1-24.

James, C. L. R. (1986). The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo. Revolution. Vintage.

Karenga, M. (1993). Introduction to Black Studies. California: The University of Sankore Press.

Kellner, D. (2002). Theorizing Globalization. Sociological Theory, 20:3, 285-305.

Kurtz, L. R. (2007). Gods in the Global Village: The World’s Religions in Sociological Perspective. California: Sage Publications.

Lukács, G. (1971). History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics (Rodney Livingstone, Trans.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

Lukács, G. (2000). A Defence of History and Class Consciousness: Tailism and the Dialectic (Esther Leslie, Trans.). London and New York: Verso.

Marcuse, H. (1964). One-Dimensional Man. Boston: Beacon Press.

Marcuse, H. (1974). Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud. Boston: Beacon Press.

Marx, K., & Engels, F. (1964). The Communist Manifesto. London, England: Penguin Books.

Marx, K. (1992 /1867). Capital: A Critique of Political Economy (Volume 1, Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling, Trans.). New York: International Publishers.

Marx, K. (1998 /1845). The German Ideology. New York: Prometheus Books.

McMichael, P. (2008). Development and Social Change: A Global Perspective. Los Angeles, California: Sage Publications.

Mocombe, P. C. (2016). The Vodou Ethic and the Spirit of Communism: The Practical Consciousness of the African People of Haiti. Maryland: University Press of America.

Mocombe, P. C. (2009). The Soul-less Souls of Black Folk: A Sociological Reconsideration of Black Consciousness as Du Boisian Double Consciousness. Maryland: University Press of America.

Ortner, S. B. (1984). Theory in Anthropology since the Sixties. Comparative studies in society and history, 26(1), 126-166.

Patterson, O. (1982). Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Ramsey, K. (2011). The Spirits and the Law: Vodou and Power in Haiti. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rubin, V. (1960). Caribbean Studies: A Symposium. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Sklair, L. (1995). Sociology of the Global System. Baltimore: Westview Press.

Smith M.G. (1960). The African Heritage in the Caribbean. In Vera Rubin (Ed.), Caribbean Studies: A Symposium (pp. 34-46). Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Wallerstein, I. (1982). The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System: Concepts for Comparative Analysis. In Hamza Alavi and Teodor Shanin (Eds.), Introduction to the Sociology of “Developing Societies” (pp. 29-53). New York: Monthly Review Press.

Weber, M. (1958 /1904-1905). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (Talcott Parsons, Trans.). New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.
How to Cite
Mocombe, P. C. (2020). The Global Lakou World-System. American International Journal of Social Science Research, 5(3), 24-28.
Original Articles/Review Articles/Case Reports/Short Communications