The Unsung Heroines of India's Freedom Struggle
The history of Indian Freedom Struggle would be incomplete without mentioning the contribution of women. The sacrifice made by the women of India will occupy the foremost place. They fought with true spirit and undaunted courage and faced various tortures, exploitations and hardships to earn us freedom. When most of the men freedom fighters were in prison the women came forward and took charge of the struggle. The list of great women whose names have gone down in history for their dedication and undying devotion to the service of India is a long one. Woman's participation in India's freedom struggle began as early as in1817. Bhima Bai Holkar fought bravely against the British colonel Malcolm and defeated him in guerilla warfare. Many women including Rani Channama of Kittur, Rani Begum Hazrat Mahal of Avadh fought against British East India company in the 19th century; 30 years before the “First War of Independence 1857” The role played by women in the War of Independence (the Great Revolt) of 1857 was creditable and invited the admiration even leaders of the Revolt. Rani of Ramgarh, Rani Jindan Kaur, Rani Tace Bai, Baiza Bai, Chauhan Rani, Tapasvini Maharani daringly led their troops into the battlefield. Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi whose heroism and superb leadership laid an outstanding example of real patriotism .Indian women who joined the national movement belonged to educated and liberal families, as well as those from the rural areas and from all walk of life, all castes, religions and communities. Sarojini Naidu, Kasturba Gandhi, Vijayalakmi Pundit and Annie Besant in the 20th century are the names which are remembered even today for their singular contribution both in battlefield and in political field.
Aparna., B. (1990). The Role of Women in the Struggle for Freedom in B.R. Nanda, (eds.) Indian Women: From Purdah to Modernity, Radiant Publication, New Delhi, p.19.
Bala., U. (1986). Indian Women Freedom Fighters 1857-1947, Manmohan Publishers, New Delhi, p. 99.
Basu, A. (1976). Role of Women in Indian Struggle for Freedom , Vikas Publications, New Delhi. pp. 240-42.
Bhat, N. S. (1998). South Kanara, 1799-1860: A Study in Colonial Administration and Regional Response. Mittal Publications.
Chandrababu, B. S., & Thilagavathi, L. (2009). Woman, Her History and Her Struggle for Emancipation. Bharathi Puthakalayam.
Chandra & Bipin. (1998). India's Struggle for Independence, New Delhi: Penguin Books, p.253
Dalrymple., W. (2006). The Last Mughal; the fall of a dynasty: Delhi, 1857, Viking Penguin, p.69
David., S. (2002). The Indian Mutiny, Viking; p. 185
Farooqui, A. (2000). From Baiza Bai to Lakshmi Bai: The Scindia State in the Early Nineteenth Century and the Roots of 1857'. Issues in Modern Indian History: For Sumit Sarkar, Popular Prakashan, Mumbai.
Farooqui, A. (2011). Sindias and the Raj: Princely Gwalior C. 1800-1850. Primus Books.
Forbes G. (1999). Women in Modern India. The New Cambridge History of India. IV.2. Cambridge University Press. pp. 140-141.
Gupta, A. K. (2015). Nineteenth-Century Colonialism and the Great Indian Revolt. Routledge.
Hibbert., C. (1980). The Great Mutiny, Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 371
John., Kaye & Malleson., G. B. (2010). History of the Indian Mutiny-1857-8. Cambridge University Press, Vol. 3; London, pp. 324-26.
Kaur., S. (2013). Role of women in India’s struggle for freedom. International Journal of Management and Social Science Research Review, 2(4), 112.
Pathak, G. (2008). Assamese Women in Indian Independence Movement: With a Special Emphasis on Kanaklata Barua. Mittal Publications.
Padhy., S. C & Rani., A. S. (2013)., Participation of Women in the Freedom Struggle during the Gandhian Era: A Comparative Study between Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. Odisha Review, 16-18.
Radha, K. (1997). The History of Doing: An Illustrated Account of Movements for Women's Rights and Feminism in India 1800-1990. Zubaan
Raju, V. R. (2004). Role of Women in Indian Freedom Struggle, Delhi.
Shintri, S., & Rao, K. R. (1983). Women freedom fighters in Karnataka. Prasaranga, Karnatak University.
Simmi., Jain. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Indian Women through the Ages. Vol.3. Delhi: Kalpaz Publications. p. 106.
Subhadra Kumari.,C. (1930). Jhansi Ki Rani. Retrieved from https://www.poemhunter.com/subhadra-kumari-chauhan. Poem hunter.
Thomas., L. (1860). Central India during the Rebellion, cited in Edwardes, Michael (1975) Red Year. London: Sphere Books, p. 117
Maitrayee., C. (2011). The Indian Women’s Movement: Reform and Revival. New Delhi: Palm Leaf Publications, Print.
Nag., A. K. (1976). Rani Gaidinliu: A Study of the Jadonang Movement of the Nagas. Tribal Mirror Publications. p. 18.
Nayya., K. (2002). Rani Gaidinliu. Ocean Books.
Nigel., A. (2009). Queen of Jhansi, Mumbai: Hollywood Publishing; p.5
Copyright (c) 2020 Zahied Rehman Ganie, Shanti Dev Sisodia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.