Population Growth and Economic Development in Bangladesh: Revisited Malthus

  • Md Niaz Murshed Chowdhury Department of Economics, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, United States
  • Md. Mobarak Hossain Department of Economics, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, United States
Keywords: Population Growth, Economic Development, Environment, and Poverty.


Bangladesh is the 2nd largest growing economy in the world in 2016 with 7.1% GDP growth. This study undertakes an econometric analysis to examine the relationship between population growth and economic development. This result indicates population growth adversely related to per capita GDP growth, which means rapid population growth, is a real problem for the development of Bangladesh. Malthus’s prediction is that population increases so rapidly and outstrip the food supply due to the operation of the law of diminishing return, which is proven wrong because of technological improvement, human capital development and so on in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has reduced its population growth by about 67% between 1979 and 2017 using different preventive checks suggested by Malthus and Mill. Bangladesh has been suffering from environmental degradation, loss of arable land, loos of agricultural land biodiversity loss and deforestation.  As a consequence, the climate has changed dramatically, and species are in danger and extinction. Bangladesh Economy is growing with improving living standard at the cost of environmental degradation.



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How to Cite
Chowdhury, M. N. M., & Hossain, M. M. (2019). Population Growth and Economic Development in Bangladesh: Revisited Malthus. American Economic & Social Review, 5(2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.46281/aesr.v5i2.326