• Fouzia Perveen Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Pakistan
  • Afaq Ali Khan Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Pakistan
Keywords: Official Development Assistance, Sustainable Development, Adjusted Net Savings.


This research paper aims to find out the relationship between Official Development Assistance and sustainable development in Pakistan. Time series data was taken for the period of 42 years (1976 -2017). Sustainable Development is a dependent variable for which proxy variable of Adjusted Net Savings has been deployed. ODA (% of GNI), Inflation, Per Capita GDP and Trade (GDP %) have been used as explanatory variables. Augmented Dickey-Fuller Test has been applied to examine the nature of the data as time series data may contain unit root problems. ADF test confirms mixed order of integration for the selected variables, hence Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Approach was applied to find out the long-run relationship among the considered variables. Estimation of Error Correction Regression resulted in a significant long-run relationship between ODA and Sustainable Development. ECM Regression also signifies the negative and significant value of the speed of adjustment term confirming that the model is stable and convergent towards the equilibrium. Overall results of this study confirm a positive and highly significant relationship between ODA and the measure of sustainable development in Pakistan. Therefore it is recommended that attention should be given to drawing on foreign assistance and it should be subject to the transparent and efficient practices applied in the Aid Allocation. It significantly improves the overall welfare of Pakistan.

Author Biographies

Fouzia Perveen, Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Pakistan

Department of Economics, Faculty of Business Administration, Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Karachi, Pakistan

Afaq Ali Khan, Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Pakistan

Department of Economics, Faculty of Business Administration,  Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Karachi, Pakistan


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How to Cite
Perveen, F., & Khan, A. A. (2021). IMPACT OF OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF PAKISTAN. American Economic & Social Review, 8(1), 11-21.
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