American International Journal of Multidisciplinary Scientific Research https://www.cribfb.com/journal/index.php/aijmsr <p><img class="shrinkToFit" style="display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;" src="https://www.cribfb.com/journal/public/journals/12/cover_issue_83_en_US.jpg" alt="https://www.cribfb.com/journal/public/journals/12/cover_issue_83_en_US.jpg" width="505" height="654"></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em><strong>American International Journal of Multidisciplinary Scientific Research(AIJMSR)</strong></em> is a refereed international journal which is published Quarterly. The journal aims are to publish the papers that provide current issues within Multidisciplinary Scientific Research such as Sciences and Engineering, Physical Sciences,Materials Science,Biology and Life Sciences,Mathematics &amp; Statistics,Transportation &amp; Logistics,Engineering &amp; Technology,Electrical &amp; Computer Science,Earth, Energy &amp; Environment,Architecture &amp; Civil Engineering, Medicine, Health &amp; Food Sciences,Chemistry &amp; Chemical Engineering etc.</p> en-US info.aijmsr@cribfb.com (Managing Editor) info.aijmsr@cribfb.com (Administrator) Sat, 05 Oct 2019 12:56:42 +0600 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Significance of Road Infrastructure on Economic Sustainability https://www.cribfb.com/journal/index.php/aijmsr/article/view/405 <p>This study buttressed on the theories explaining the significance of road infrastructure on economic sustainability. Road infrastructure is essential for banishing hunger, alleviating poverty, and improving the quality of human life. Road transport is a means of transport that offers door-to-door transport which is suitable for the delivery of finished goods to consumers. Road infrastructure has the potentials of transforming subsistence farming into a commercial and dynamic farming system which unlock the potentials embedded in rural areas. Understanding the conditions in which more or new road infrastructure does indeed foster economic growth is crucial for efficient management of road infrastructural project. Neoclassical growth theory, endogenous growth theory, growth pole, and growth centre theory were discussed. This paper concludes that public investment should not be constrained by accounting methods that impede a focus on economic returns, and road pricing strategy should be adopted in Nigeria because of its benefits of spreading demand for road transport, minimizing congestion and overcrowding, improving reliability and delivering benefits to the wider economy.</p> Sidiq Okwudili Ben ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.cribfb.com/journal/index.php/aijmsr/article/view/405 Sat, 05 Oct 2019 12:56:31 +0600 Association between Excessive Use of Mobile Phone and Insomnia among Pakistani Teenagers Cross Sectional Study https://www.cribfb.com/journal/index.php/aijmsr/article/view/406 <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Introduction:</em></strong>In the era of modern technology mobile phones have becoming popular, especially in teenagers. Besides of its uses there are various undesirable psychological and physical impact on heath. Aims and objectives: The purpose of this study was to access the link among Excessive Use of Smart Phone and there sleep pattern among Pakistani Adolescents.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Materials and Methods:</em></strong> A detailed cross sectional study was performed on a total of 500 medical graduates range between 18 and 24 years who were using mobile phone atleast a year. Self-designed Questionnaire is given to them having details of their frequency and pattern of using smart phone. Sleep quality was analyzed by using Pittsburg Sleep Quality index .Chi square test was also perform to check the link between frequency of mobile phone and quality of sleep.P value &lt; 0.005 were considered as significant.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Result:</em></strong> Out of 500 participants, the frequency of mobile phone usage was more in males 70% as compare to females30%. Their age varied from 21to 24 with mean age of 20 ± 1.9 years.&nbsp; Most of students use mobile phone in night 188 (38%)and 202 (40%) participants using mobile phone unlimited. 366 (73%) students mentioned that they start using mobile phone at intermediate level and claimed that no surveillance of the mobile phone being done by the parents . Students who were using unlimited mobile phone reported that they take more than 1 hour to sleep that showed a significant (p-value &lt;0.001) correlation between more mobile phone use and time taken to sleep.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Conclusion:</em> </strong>The results of our study conclude that excessive mobile phone usage leads to sleep disturbances and poor quality of sleep. That may implement negative effects on student’s mental and physical health along with this it can also affect the students’ educational performance and daily life activities.</p> Lubna Farooq, Akhtar Ali, Sehrish Mahmood, Mahnoor Farzand, Hina Masood, Sumreen Mujahid ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.cribfb.com/journal/index.php/aijmsr/article/view/406 Sat, 05 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0600